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Nova kurso/Leciono 3

El Vikilibroj

[This lesson is under construction!]

Bonvenon al Leciono 3! (Welcome to Lesson 3). How do you feel about your Esperanto ability so far? Today we will go over 50 new useful words from the list of 1000 words used by Kontakto, and you'll find your vocabulary, reading, and writing abilities taking a huge leap forward.

Some useful words (15)[redakti]

  1. Jen Let's start out with my favorite word in Esperanto, which has a variety of uses. It means "behold," "check it out", or "Voila."
  2. juna young
  3. akvo water
  4. amiko friend
  5. domo home
  6. pomo apple
  7. suko juice
  8. urbo city
  9. kun with
  10. pano bread
  11. danki To thank ______.
  12. kompreni To understand _______.
  13. saluti To greet ______.
  14. farti To fare. ("Kiel vi fartas?" is "How are you doing?")
  15. vidi To see ______.

Yes/No questions (3)[redakti]

  • Ĉu? "Yes or no" questions are very simple in Esperanto: You simply add the word "Ĉu" to the beginning of the sentence, which is pronounced like the English word chew. (Ĉu can also be used in regular sentences, in which it means "whether".)
  • Jes! To answer affirmatively, you say "Jes," which is pronounced like the same word in English, "yes".
  • Ne! To say "no" in Esperanto, it is "ne" which is pronounced like "neh". Also, "ne" is used like the English "not", and negates any verb it is near.

Prefixes and suffixes (8)[redakti]

  1. dis-
  2. ek-
  3. ge-
  4. re-
  5. -aĵ-
  6. -ec-
  7. -em-
  8. -ist-

English-like words[redakti]

English was one of the languages that Zamenhof looked at when constructing Esperanto. As a result, he took some features of English. Several English words made their way into Esperanto, with minimal changes. Since we're just on lesson 3, let's keep things simple, and pick out some of the words that are almost identical in both English and Esperanto.

Verbs (8)[redakti]

  1. danci (to dance)
  2. helpi (to help _______)
  3. informi (to inform ______)
  4. movi (to move ______)
  5. sendi (to send ______)
  6. vojaĝi (to travel to, to voyage)
  7. interesi (to interest ______)
  8. uzi (to use _______)

Nouns (8)[redakti]

Can you guess what the following words mean?

  1. birdo
  2. familio
  3. muziko
  4. persono
  5. problemo
  6. radio
  7. scienco
  8. sporto

Adjectives (8)[redakti]

These Esperanto adjectives are very much like their English equivalent. Can you guess what they are? (Remember from Lesson 1, you can get the opposite of these words by adding the prefix mal-!)

  1. certa
  2. fama
  3. freŝa
  4. komforta
  5. moderna
  6. norma
  7. riĉa
  8. sama

Musical break - Jen muziko![redakti]

Take a moment to check out this video for a song by the Esperanto rock band, La Porkoj, called "Jen".

Ĉu vi komprenas ĝin? Kiom vi komprenis ĝin?